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Debian is the Operating System I use at home and used to use at work.

Official website:

As introduction, please read the entry at Wikipedia.


There a 3 distributions at the same time:

  • unstable (sid) with the latest versions of the softwares
  • testing
  • stable


Backports are ports from software coming from unstable or testing for stable.


Package management

There are several front-ends:

deborphan | sudo xargs apt-get remove -y



How to make Debian packages?


Comment obtenir la liste des packages installés?

dpkg --get-selections | grep "	install$"

Sid dans Sarge,0,

aptitude install debootstrap
mkdir /sid-root
debootstrap sid /sid-root
I: Base system installed successfully.
umount: /sid-root/dev/pts: not mounted
umount: /sid-root/dev/shm: not mounted
umount: /sid-root/proc/bus/usb: not mounted

echo "proc-sid /sid-root/proc proc none 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
mount proc-sid /sid-root/proc -t proc
cp /etc/hosts /sid-root/etc/hosts
chroot /sid-root /bin/bash
# on est dans la geole
#fix sources.list
# changer sarge en unstable
vi /etc/apt/sources.list

# changer le password de root
passwd root

#pour avoir un login sur F10
# attention: pas dans la geole!
echo "10:23:respawn:/usr/sbin/chroot /sid-root "\
"/sbin/getty 38400 tty10" >> /etc/inittab
init q
debian.1359564729.txt.gz · Last modified: 2013/10/19 09:50 (external edit)