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ComputerStuff > GnuLinux > DistributionsLinux

1) is the Operating System I use at home and used to use at work.

Official website:

As introduction, please read the 2) at 3).



There a 3 distributions at the same time:

  • unstable (sid) with the latest versions of the softwares
  • testing (currently etch)
  • stable (currently sarge)


Is the stable distribution since 6 June 2005.

How to install it? 4)


Backports are ports from software coming from unstable or testing for stable.


Package management

There are several front-ends:

  • command line with apt (cf. 5))
  • text menu with aptitude
  • GUI with 6) or gnome-apt
  • 8), 12/08/2007
  • cleanup: 9):
deborphan | sudo xargs apt-get remove -y


  • 10) par Alexis de Lattre, sans aucun doute la meilleure ressource en français


  • Fully Automatic Installation (FAI)
    • 11)): Requirements and Overview by Carla Schroder, 06/12/04
    • 12)): Giving Clients The Boot by Carla Schroder, 13/12/04
  • 13), 24/04/07

How to make [[Debian]] packages?


Comment obtenir la liste des packages installés?

dpkg --get-selections | grep "	install$"

Sid dans Sarge,0,

aptitude install debootstrap
mkdir /sid-root
debootstrap sid /sid-root
I: Base system installed successfully.
umount: /sid-root/dev/pts: not mounted
umount: /sid-root/dev/shm: not mounted
umount: /sid-root/proc/bus/usb: not mounted

echo "proc-sid /sid-root/proc proc none 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
mount proc-sid /sid-root/proc -t proc
cp /etc/hosts /sid-root/etc/hosts
chroot /sid-root /bin/bash
# on est dans la geole
#fix sources.list
# changer sarge en unstable
vi /etc/apt/sources.list

# changer le password de root
passwd root

#pour avoir un login sur F10
# attention: pas dans la geole!
echo "10:23:respawn:/usr/sbin/chroot /sid-root "\
"/sbin/getty 38400 tty10" >> /etc/inittab
init q
7) Using APT with more than 2 sources
9) Removing unnecessary packages with deborphan
11) Rolling Out Unattended Debian Installations (Part 1
12) Rolling Out Unattended Debian Installations (Part 2
20)[[Knoppix]].php Comment utiliser Knoppix pour installer une distribution Debian?
21) Install a Debian Woody with GNOME 2.2 and OOo 1.1
debian.1325087035.txt.gz · Last modified: 2013/01/30 17:47 (external edit)